Jazeps Delvers (1910-1984)
Jazeps Delvers born in Daugavpils in postal workers family. In Daugavpils he received secondary education. From 1924 to 1929 he studied at the Daugavpils Teachers Institute, where drawing was taught artist Grinberga-Cimmermane. There he realized that he wants to be an artist. Being artistically talented, he has set goal of higher education aim, and in 1931 he entered in Art Academy of Latvia. First he studied at Professor Wilhelm Purvītis who was head of landscape painting studio, but later moved to the graphic studio under the guidance of assistant professor K.Krauze. Tools for education and life, he was forced to look for hisself, so paralle with studies he worked in different places. This slowed down his education and only in 1942 J.Delvers graduated from the Art Academy of graphic workshop with diploma - "In work" in etching technique of and received a diploma as graphic artist.
Since 1940 Jazeps Delvers regularly participated in exhibitions both in Riga and in Latgale - Daugavpils, Rezekne and Aglona. In 1944 in Riga, in the salon "Zinta", he held his first solo exhibition. Next solo exhibition was held in Riga in 1969. During the Soviet era J. Delvers participated almost at all national exhibitions.
In 1958 J. Delvers became a member of the Artist`s Union of Latvia.
The easel graphics J. Delvers worked mainly in the traditional technique of etching, creating rich with nuances and details compositions of the landscape genre, "The Mill" (1942), "Gauja in Turaida" (1957), "Staburags" (1957), "Lielupe in Dzintari"(1967)" Panorama of Riga HPP "(1978). In the graphic, he turned to the theme of ancient Riga "Riga 17.century" (1968), "Riga. The ANNO 1612" (1963). J. Delver etchings characterized as a very carefully-designed, and a good sense of rhythm works.
In book design J. Delver mainly worked in technique of ink, the most important work - woodcarving illustration K.F.Meiera "Angela Borgia" (1943-1944). The artist illustrated A.Upisha "Sūnu ciema zēnus" (1946), H.Fildinga "story of the foundling Tom Jones" (1955), M.Tvena "Heklberija Fina adventures" (1952) and others. In his illustrations for books, the artist focus on story. Jazeps Delvers is the first professional artist who started illustrating Latgale`s authors books. He created illustrations, merged with the narrative sincerity, warmth and sonority of linear rhythm. Aartist also worked in applied graphics.
Jazeps Delvers died on 11 October, 1984 in Riga.
1. Māksla un arhitektūra biogrāfijās : [biogrāfiska vārdnīca] / atbild. red. Andris Vilsons ; sēj. aut.: Vaidelotis Apsītis, Laila Baumane (Alsiņa) ... [ u.c.]. 1.sēj. A-Kal. - Rīga : Latvijas enciklopēdija, 1995. - 239 lpp. : il. - (Latvija un latvieši). ISBN 5-89960-057-8 ISBN 5-89960-058-6 ISBN [021b] x
2. Kuple Z. Sekojot tradīcijām : [sakarā ar Daugavpilī dzimušā grafiķa Jāzepa Delvera 60 g. jubilejas izstādi LPSR Mākslas fonda izstāžu zālē] / Z.Kuple // Literatūra un Māksla. - (1969, 23.aug.), 8.lpp.
3. Jāzeps Delvers : [Daugavpilī dzimis grafiķis (1910-1984) : nekrologs]. - Paraksts: LPSR Māksl.-sav-ba. // Literatūra un Māksla. - (1984, 19.okt.), 14.lpp.
4. Ikaunieks Vilis. Grāmatu ilustrators no Latgales : [par Daugavpilī dzimušo grafiķi Jāzepu Delveru (1910-1984)] / Vilis Ikaunieks // Rēzeknes Vēstis. - (2000, 4.apr.), 4.lpp.